National Social Watch (NSW) organized the workshop on “Administrative Reforms for Better Governance” on 26th November 2012, at India International Centre, New Delhi. As a part of National Social Watch’s broad agenda of promoting the accountability in the institutions of governance, National Social Watch came up with a Perspective Paper – “Administrative Reforms for Better Governance”.
Dr. N. C. Saxena, Member, National Advisory Council, prepared this paper. He shared the salient features of paper in the workshop to be followed by a panel and open discussion. The paper was released and distributed in the workshop. Eminent personalities like Dr. N.C. Saxena, member of National Advisory Council, Harsh Mander, Centre for Equity Studies, Prof. Vijay Kapur, Delhi University and Rajesh Tandon, Participatory Research In Asia were among the panelists.
Dr. Bhaskar G. Rao, Research Director of NSW welcomed the participants. Amitabh Behar introduced the NSW to the participants. N.C. Saxena, Prof. Vijay Kapur, Mr. Harsh Mander, and Rajesh Tandon released the book.
N. C. Saxena, member of National Advisory Council said that India is doing well at economic level but not at a social front. Two sectors are doing well are (i) individual and (ii) corporate. Two sectors which are doing badly are (i) government and (ii) community sector. He further argued that the reason some projects are successful and some are not depends only on the design of the programme. Our systems are very activity based not outcome based.
He suggested that let the panchayat collect the taxes and let it give 50% to government, at the end of the day people will ask panchayat what they did with their money so, there will be greater accountability.
Harsh Mander from Centre for Equity Studies, mentioned that one set of people are saying that Modi’s government is one of the finest governments but there are equal number of people who think that Modi’s government is the worst. He further maintained that Gujarat is the only state where minority children do not receive the scholarships; he raised the question “is it an example of a good government?” First we need to define what is “good governance”? He ended up by saying that efficiency is not the problem for good governance but the politics.
Prof. Vijay Kapur, Delhi University, maintained that administrative reforms cannot be done in isolation. He said that whenever personal utility maximization takes over the public utility maximization, the problem of corruption starts.