An Analysis of 2014-15 Budget allocation for Muslims

The largest minority of India which consists nearly 17 to 20 percent of the population shares the strained relationship with the new elected government. 2014-15 Budget had three main highlights for minorities let’s analyze all three celebrated points of the budget allotted especially to Muslims:

1)      Allocation of Rs. 100 crore for Madrasa Modernization
2)      “Up-gradation of Traditional Skills in Arts, Resources and Goods” Scheme
3)      Increase in the total amount of  Budget

 

 1)      Allocation of Rs. 100 crore for Madrasa Modernisation :

According to Sachar Committee report barely 4% of the Muslim children go to Madarsas. Only poor people get enrolled their children in madarsas because they cannot afford their regular school education and another reason is non existence of modern schools in Muslim majority areas (Sachar Committee Report).  

2014-15 budget allocated 100 crore for Madarsas that too under the Ministry of Human Resource development rather than Ministry of Minority Affairs. Allocating 100 crores to madarsas and neglecting the need and importance of providing modern education to Muslim children seems like an intentional act of keeping the minorities away from development and power.

As Feroze Bhakt quoted in his article “not more than two per cent Muslims are in government jobs. Of the 479 judges at the all India level, only 30 are Muslims that makes it just 6.26 per cent. In the IAS, Muslim percentage is a mere 2.27 per cent. Of the 3,284 IPS officers, just 120 are Muslims — just 3.65 per cent….Muslim women have just 21.66 per cent literacy rate as against the 40.54 per cent amongst the non-Muslim women”[1] He further quoted Friends for Education survey that the literacy rate of Muslims is 41.27 per cent against the national literacy rate of 63.07 per cent. It proves that Muslim community is in urgent need of the modern education.

Only by focusing on Madarsas and neglecting the need of modern education of Muslims would not only deprive them from their basic rights but also make their future more vulnerable. Modern education along with the Islamic knowledge would build a more enlightened Muslim community which would be an asset to the Indian society.

 

2)      Increase in the total amount of  Budget:

    Only 0.7 percent of Total Plan Fund of Union Budget 2014-15 has been earmarked for minorities[2]. No doubt that total budget allocation for Ministry of Minority Affairs has increased from Rs. 3, 111 in 2013-14 to 3734.01 in 2014-15 budgets but If we look at the details of the budget allocation of the total amount of Rs. 3734.01 crores, we would find that around 70% fund (Rs. 2,577 Crores) is allocated for grant in aid to state Governments, Union Territories, and North Eastern Areas. Total fund of Rs. 1037.00 crores allocated for Welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Minorities[3]. See Budget (http://indiabudget.nic.in/ub2014-15/eb/dg68.pdf), approximately 30% of fund is the actual amount remaining for the development of the Muslim community.

 

3)      “Upgradation of Traditional Skills in Arts, Resources and Goods” Scheme

Under the new scheme for traditional and ancestral skills and arts of minority communities “Upgradation of Traditional Skills in Arts, Resources and Goods” firstly, there is no mention of fund allocation in the Note on Demand for Grants of the Ministry of Minority Affairs or any other ministry in 2014-15[4].  Secondly, Upgradation of traditional skills and arts would be of no use if the market would not be created or find out both in India and abroad. This scheme would be better analyzed after its implementation. It is too early to evaluate it. 

Written by Farha Iman



[2] CBGA Report , Has the tide turned?, Response to Union Budget 2014-15, July 2014, pp. 73

[4] CBGA Report , Has the tide turned?, Response to Union Budget 2014-15, July 2014, pp. 73

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